Let’s talk about the curious, interesting, obscure and simply noteworthy facts about bread. This product is, of course, requires a special reverence and appropriate treatment. Proceed.
Bread is recognized by people since ancient times. In many countries in Asia and Europe, have preserved the tradition according to which the bread, even spoiled, can not be thrown away. I wrote nothing about the antiquity, since the Neolithic era (and that’s when humanity became acquainted with bread), started more than 10 000 years ago. Once people learned how to produce and maintain a fire, they began to bake first, primitive bread.
Even in ancient Rome, people living in poverty, require only the “bread and circuses” (the famous slogan, and a steady turnover), without anything else people can do. That’s an interesting fact. Well, our ancestors said – “the bread around the head.”
Currently, the major distinction is made between about 20 varieties of bread and a hundred lesser known. From the pita and the matzah to loaf and bretselya.
In ancient times, the Slavs did not just bread, cereal crops (rye, barley, wheat), but most of these acorns. Strange but true, acorns were collected, crushed them in the flour and baking cakes. About the taste of this dish – I can not say, not tried. A little later, and also the Slavs, for the same purpose, and nuts are used.
The biggest loaf of bread baked in Mexico. It happened in 1996, the city of Acapulco. She was more than 9 kilometers in length. Can you imagine how much labor and ingredients needed to establish a world record?
Since ancient times, most people on earth, the bread is associated with hard work. And this fact is easy to explain. After all, before the process of its production was incredibly time consuming. Starting with the wheat sowing and finishing the harvest, and then baking.
They say that the bread and similar foods people inevitably get fat. At the same time, today there are many so-called “bread diet” during which a person’s weight is markedly reduced.
The word “loaf” comes from the French fishing “rod” and the true bread resembles a thick stick. Rolls, as is well known round like wheels. And they appeared in the Russian language from the same root – ‘colonies’. A “roll” – is a Polish word. The analogy is simple. “Bull” or «Bulla» – Print Pope, which he holds the major orders, print, had a circular shape like a Polish roll. The word “roll” came into our language from Estonia, “sai” is translated from Estonian, means “white.” Incidentally, with this kind of bread an interesting story related that occurred in Russia, even during the reign of Nicholas II. One of the most famous bakers at the time – Filippov, was ordered to immediately appear before the Governor-General. It turns out that in the bread, which he has supplied, have found a cockroach baked. However, Filippov was a smart guy, but because it was not taken aback, and said that this is not cockroach is no, and the usual raisins, and then, without batting an eye, ate their bread with a cockroach. Safely back, back home, he ordered his workers to constantly add to the bread a little raisin. So it goes.
There is an old folk superstition in one of the Nordic countries. If a young man and woman, even by chance, bit off a piece of bread from a loaf, loaf or loaves of bread – they will love each other and likely to be married.
At first, the rich and wealthy strata of medieval society preferred to have white bread, white bread, considering the lot of the poor. It is interesting that now the situation has changed dramatically. Now rich people buy black bread, and less wealthy people – white. In fact, rye bread is more nutritious and healthier white. Food for Thought.
And in continuation of the theme. In Russia, the main bread was just black. And once, during the war between Russia and Turkey, Russian offensive petered out due to the loss of a large amount of rye flour. First, the soldiers tried to cook the bread from the local, wheat, but soon many of them became ill, as white bread (again) is not as nutritious as rye.
There is also a white bread that is baked in Moldavia (or Moldova). In this case there is added molasses, cumin and other ingredients. They say – unusual, but tasty.
Beginning with the 20-ies, in the Soviet Union began an unprecedented scale inflation. Money is devalued faster than the state to print them. But the bread, as opposed to money valued everywhere, especially in places where there was a lack of provisions. The Government has issued a special checks that were equal to the value of a pudu, or 16 kilograms of grain. In other words, the bread has replaced the money, though not for long.
I tried to gather the most curious, interesting and little-known facts about bread. I hope that reading was fun and exciting.